Backup

Backup Hard Drives Die Too

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Just because you have a good plan in place to backup all of your data doesn't mean you can just stop there. Spinning hard drives will eventually die. And even before they completely die they can start exhibiting strange behaviors and throwing errors during operations. My point is this...if you have an external or portable hard drive you should be replacing it with a new drive on a regular basis. I replace my drives every 3 years. Why 3 years?

Chart is from the folks at BackBlaze, a cloud backup provider. These guys use a crazy number of hard drives and collect an amazing amount of statistical data on drive failures rates which they openly share every year. 

Chart is from the folks at BackBlaze, a cloud backup provider. These guys use a crazy number of hard drives and collect an amazing amount of statistical data on drive failures rates which they openly share every year. 

As you can see from the chart above, hard drives go through several distinct failure rate trends as they age. Early in the life cycle they have a higher failure rate because this is the period where manufacturing defects show up (bad production units). After the 1st year if your drive is still running you are probably out of the woods with respect to production flaws, so any failures are most likely attributed to the expected reliability of the drive's components. After 3 years you can see that the failure rates increase (or the percentage of drives that survive after 3 years start to rapidly decrease). A spinning hard drive moves a lot, and that movement produces wear and tear on the system. There is a reason most hard drive manufactures won't give a warranty on their drives for longer than 1-3 years. After year 3 you are on borrowed time.

So if you are using an external or portable hard drive as part of your backup strategy I HIGHLY RECOMMEND setting up a recurring calendar event for every 3 years to replace those drives. The last thing you need is to have your computer die on you and then find out that 4 year old backup drive that now has the only copy of your data...no longer works. External hard drives are relatively cheap and your data in many cases is irreplaceable. So just replace your external and backup hard drives every 3 years so you don't ever have to worry about it. I just replaced all of mine this past week.

I Just Did Something Really Stupid

This is probably one of the longest posts I have ever written, but it is also one of the most important. Please take a few minutes to read it...it could save you from losing all of your data.

So I just did something a few days ago that made me feel really stupid, so naturally I need to tell the world about my stupidity. I've been sick for a week now with a really nasty case of the flu that I caught while attending CES in Las Vegas. A few night ago I was in the kitchen cooking dinner and my daughter asked me to come over to the computer. She needed me to type in the administrator password so she could install a program on the Mac. Normally this would set off my "spidey sense", but between still being sick, being in the middle of cooking dinner and because in this case I knew exactly what my daughter was doing...I typed in the admin password so she could install the program. Except when I did this a program called "Mac Purifier" was installed on my Mac and started scanning my computer. I literally ripped the power cord out of the wall and just left the computer where it was in its unpowered state so I could go back to my half-cooked dinner before it burned.

So what happened? My daughter is really into Minecraft (and I mean REALLY into Minecraft). She wanted to install a mod to Minecraft and that required that she first install a program called "Forge" to help with that process. Her and I had been talking about what she was doing for a while now and that was why I really didn't think twice about approving the install. She went to official website for Forge and attempted to download Forge. This is where everything went wrong. From what I can tell, instead of downloading Forge she clicked on one of the ads on the Forge website (an ad made to look like an install button) and that ad downloaded the installation package for Mac Purifier. So I instead of installing Forge like we both thought, I gave my Mac permission to install a piece of (shit...ok I'll be nice and call it malware). Mac Purifier is actually designed to do something good and that is it scans your Mac and notifies you about anything that shouldn't be there like viruses or malware (ironic isn't it). The reason I call Mac Purifier malware is because in order for Mac Purifier to do anything useful you are prompted to purchase the "full" version of the program. So it is essentially a useless shell of a program designed to scare you into buying the full version. Mac Purifier is one of those programs that has also been bundled with "free" software you can download on not so trustworthy websites out there as a way to pump money out of unsuspecting people. Because of this I had no idea whether the version of Mac Purifier that was just installed on my Mac had any other kind of malware embedded in it or if was just truly the useless money sucking program that it was designed to be. I had no choice but to wipe my Mac (nuke it from orbit, it's the only way to be sure).

There are two reasons I am writing this post:

  • To stress the importance of having computer backups
  • To wage war against online ads

The Importance of Computer Backups

The only reason this really stupid thing I did didn't cost me a ton of time (and possibly all my data) is because I have a rock solid backup strategy for ALL of my data. Instead of having to go into my Mac and performing extensive surgery to remove the malicious program I just installed (seriously, take a look at this article and read how much is involved with manually removing this crap), it took me less than 5 minutes of my time to completely nuke my entire computer and re-install everything to exactly how it was before Mac Purifier was installed (it took overnight for all the data to be restored but only took 5 minutes of my time to enact). The reason I was able to do this so easily is because one of the backup methods I use clones the entire hard drive of my Mac (I use a program called Carbon Copy Cloner but there are others like it for both Mac and PC). So all I had to do was plug my Mac back into power and boot off of my cloned backup drive and run a restore from my cloned drive over to the hard drive of my Mac). This essentially put my Mac back into the exact configuration it was in when I last performed a clone of my hard drive (in this case it happened to be the night before).

So what do I recommend for computer backups? You need a minimum of two backups of all of your data and one of those backups absolutely must be an offsite backup. If all of your backups are either attached to your computer or reside in the same location then theft or fire could still destroy all of your data. So here is what I do:

  • Backup method 1 is Time Machine. I have an Apple Time Capsule router that has a hard drive built into it so every Mac in my house is continuously and wirelessly backed up with Time Machine.
  • Backup method 2 is my offsite backup. Instead of using Time Machine for this backup (which I could do) I use Carbon Copy Cloner and clone the entire computer's hard drive to a portable USB hard drive. I take that hard drive into work and leave it there. Every 2-weeks I have a reminder to take that hard drive home and perform a new clone of my computer hard drives, but I make sure that drive never stays in the house any more than overnight.

If you have a Mac, backup is incredibly simple, free, and built right into the computer's operating system. Just go out and buy an external hard drive that has at least twice the capacity of the hard drive you are trying to backup, plug it onto your Mac and turn on Time Machine. That is your on-site backup. You can get a 2nd external hard drive and so the same thing except take that drive offsite (either take it to work or store it at the house of a family member or friend). The other option for offsite backup is to pay for a cloud backup service like Backblaze or Crashplan. For just a few bucks a months and the flip of a software switch you will ensure you will never lose a piece of your data. I've used both of these services before and they are both excellent. I don't use either now because our house is located in a place we like to call "the place the internet goes to die"...we don't get fast reliable internet data so pushing a lot of data through our home internet just isn't feasible. What ever you decide to do just make sure you take the 2 method approach I describe above. Don't let the voice in the back of your head tell you that this is too expensive. The "stupid thing I just did" could have just as easily installed a piece of software that encrypted my entire hard drive and held it for ransom until I paid the developer an enormous sum of money to give me the key (yes, this type of thing really does happen). A simple virus could also just as easily wipe out your entire computer. How much is it worth to you to secure you data to make sure you don't lose everything? Can you really compare that value to the cost of a few external hard drives or a few bucks a month for a cloud backup service? I think not.

I'm Done With Online Ads

This stupid thing I did was the last straw, there will be no more website ads in my house. The Forge website is a site that gets a lot of traffic from kids, but the ads on that site are designed to prey on those kids...posing as buttons to install Forge but instead installing something entirely different (something that makes that company money at the expense of the kids and their parents). The ads on this site are targeting kids. There is a special level of hell for people that prey on kids and online predators are no exception (yes, I am classifying online advertisers a child predators). If you stalk and take advantage of a child you are a predator (granted there are various levels of severity when you classify it this way).

So I'm no longer going to tolerate online ads. I have installed ad blocking software on all of my home Macs and iOS devices. I chose to go with 1Blocker because it has both a Mac and an iOS version and the preferences and setting can be synched, but there are a lot of other options out there both free (like Ghostery) and not so free (like Roadblock for Mac and Roadblock for iOS, free to download but requires In-App-Purchase to fully unlock). Look, I understand that online ads are the way most website afford to be in existence. Heck, I write for one of those websites (GeekDad.com, and ads are part of what pays our bills) and I totally understand that not all ads are evil. We actually spend quite a bit of time behind the scenes debating just how many and what types of ads to allow on the GeekDad site because we don't want to just drown our readers with ads (after all that is not why they come to the site, they come for our content). But most websites don't spend that kind of time making sure the ads they serve don't abuse the people that visit their site. So this latest abuse by advertisers was the last straw...I'm just nuking all ads in my house going forward. If you are a website I visit often and you haven't abused me with the ads you serve up then you will be whitelisted by my ad blocking software. If you want to have nightmares I suggest you install one of these ad blocking programs on your computer and pay attention to just how many trackers and pieces of code are kicked off on each website you visit...it is absolutely terrifying.

I pulled this report using 1Blocker. You read that right, CNN.com has 29 ads and 23 trackers just from the home page. Sleep tight...

I pulled this report using 1Blocker. You read that right, CNN.com has 29 ads and 23 trackers just from the home page. Sleep tight...

Summary

I just did something incredibly stupid, something that could have destroyed all of the data on my computer and I am relatively tech savy (I do write for two tech blogs after all). If I can do something this stupid then people that don't follow and keep up with tech like I do are even more vulnerable. That is what truly scared me when I did this. I thought I was immune, but in reality we all just one bad move away from inflicting some serious harm on our computers. Luckily I had already been protecting myself with a rock solid backup strategy and now I'm taking one additional step by eliminating online ads. You will notice that my blog here at 1Wayswim doesn't have any ads and it never will. Readers have the options to drop me a few bucks via my donate page and I've been toying with the idea of setting up a Patreon account for 1Wayswim, but rest assured I will never serve up ads on this website. I can't stand advertising..never have. I guess I view advertising as a theft of my time and attention and I like to know what something costs up front. I also put my money where my mouth is and pay for several online news sources and support small content providers via their Patreon pages and will continue to do so. Like I said, I will whitelist website that don't abuse me with the ads they serve up but that will be an exception to the rule that must be earned. After what happened a few days ago I decided to skip right over the whole "waging war on online ads" and ended the war before it even began by just nuking them from orbit to begin with. I suggest you all consider doing the same, but when you do, just make sure you either whitelist the "good guys" or find another way to toss them a few bucks on a regular basis. Otherwise, we will all be stuck with a bunch of garbage out there on the internet (and its bad enough now as it is).

Problems Backing up an iPhone to iCloud?

Turning on automatic backups of your iPhone to iCloud is super simple to do and very important, because you never know when you are going to need to restore your phone from that backup. But sometimes things go wrong and there is no apparent reason behind the failed backups. I've recently had to fix 2 separate iCloud backup and sync issues and wanted to share these potential fixes with you.

My iPhone a while back stopped syncing with certain aspects of iCloud, specifically reminders. I tried quite a few things, but finally found one that worked...resetting the network settings on the phone. The networking settings controls things like connections to the cellular network and wifi networks. If your iPhone isn't syncing with iCloud or automatically backing up at night while plugged into power and connected to wifi it might be a networking setting corruption. Luckily there is an easy way to reset these settings. Below are the steps:

  1. Make sure you have a recent local backup of your iPhone (like a backup using iTunes on your computer)
  2. Sign out of your iCloud account. That way, after you reset your network connection settings you can sign back into iCloud and any syncing or backup will start again from scratch.
  3. Go into the settings app, under "General" and scroll down to the bottom and select the "Reset" option. There is a long list of options here, make sure you select the "Reset Network Settings" option (see screen capture below)

Your device will reset now and restart. Make sure you sign back into iCloud once your device restarts. Hopefully after logging back into your device the sync or backup error is now resolved. This technique fixed a couple of issues I was having. My iPhone wasn't syncing reminders from the reminders app and my iPad kept dropping its connection with the cellular network. Resetting the network settings fixed both of these issues for me.

If you are still having errors when trying to backup to iCloud there is one more thing that is a likely source of the problem...you have run out of space on iCloud. While Apple should give you a warning that you have run out of space, that doesn't always happen. If your last backup attempt was larger than the remaining capacity in your iCloud account then you might get a warning saying just that or you might not. The only way to know for sure is to buy extra iCloud storage. For just 99 cents a month you can increase your iCloud storage for 5 Gb to 50 Gb. I have done this for all of my family's devices and for me it is well worth the couple of bucks a month in cost. It is way too easy to use more than 5 Gb of iCloud storage unless you only use your iPhone for the most basic of tasks. As soon as you start taking photos or videos the size of your backups will go up quickly. If you decide you want to buy more iCloud storage, here is how you do it...

a. Go into the "Settings" app and into "iCloud", then into "Storage" and select the "Change Storage Plan" option.

b. From there you can select one of several storage upgrade options, 50 Gb, 200 Gb or 1 Tb. iCloud actually works a lot like Dropbox with the new iCloud Drive functionality in iOS, so having a bit of extra storage can come in really handy.

c. After you select the storage capacity you want to upgrade to you will need to put in your payment information and you should be all set.

d. You may need to go into your iCloud backup (go into the "Settings" app and into "iCloud", then into "Storage" and then into "Manage Storage" and you should see all the devices that are currently being backed up to your iCloud account. Select the device you are having problems backing up and at the bottom there is an option to "Delete Backup."

e. Then go back and try to manually start an iCloud backup by going into the "Settings" app and into "iCloud" and select "Backup" and then the "Backup Now" option. If storage was your issue then you should now be backing up once again to iCloud.

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